Prescription drug abuse is the misuse, or abuse of prescribed medication, or it can be the abuse of prescription medication without a prescription. Commonly prescribed drug types abused are most often pain relievers, anti-anxiety medications, sedatives, and stimulants.
Recovery help for prescription drug abuse is available to you at any time, and we can help you find treatment centers when you call Drug Treatment Centers Sarasota at (941) 866-2996.
The types of prescriptions drugs that are commonly abused are those that work by altering brain chemistry and function to produce a desired effect. The addictive nature of the drugs is due to the building of tolerance for the drug that creates an urgent need to continually partake of the drug in increasing frequency, and in increasing amounts, in order to feel normal, maintain a state of balance, and avoid withdrawal.
Examples of commonly abused medications include:
Physical symptoms of opiate abuse include excessive alertness, sensitivity to sensory stimuli, constricted blood vessels, racing heart rate, high blood pressure, increasing energy, loss of appetite, agitation, and insomnia. Psychological and behavioral symptoms noted are: General anxiety, panic attacks, euphoria, psychosis, heightened self-esteem, depression irritability, and a loss of motivation.
Signs and symptoms of sedative/depressant abuse are mood swings, slurred speech, impaired breathing, depression, irritability, lack of Motivation, and drunken behavior.
Signs and symptoms of Amphetamine Abuse include: Loss of appetite / weight loss, inability to relax, crashing after dosage effects wear-off, hyper sensitivity / hyper vigilance, agitation, mood swings, insomnia, heightened anxiety, and nervousness.
The health risks from prescription drug abuse can be severe, some irreversible, and potentially fatal. Any time brain function is changed there can be serious consequences to the body and its' systems, as well as severe psychological ramifications. Users are also at greater risk of accident and injury. Some of the risks include: Difficulty/depressed breathing and respiration, stroke, irregular heartbeat, heart failure, seizure, memory lapses, and overdose.
Withdrawal symptoms and addiction treatment options vary by drug type, and can include:
Buprenorphine, Suboxone, or methadone may be used by doctors under medically supervised conditions to ease symptoms of withdrawal from opiate painkillers. Clonidine, a medication primarily used for high blood pressure, can also be given to relieve withdrawal symptoms.
Detox and withdrawal from these substances may take weeks, or months to slowly taper off of them. Due to the lengthy withdrawal syndrome symptoms, it may take an extended period of time for your body to adjust to lowered doses of the medication and eventually adjust to taking no medication at all. Other types of medications may be administered to stabilize your mood, help with anxiety, and ease symptoms.
There are no FDA-approved approved drugs for stimulant withdrawal. Drug treatment focuses on tapering from the medication and managing withdrawal symptoms through sleep, appetite, vitamin and nutrition therapy, and behavioral therapy.
Successful treatments also include counseling and behavioral therapy as the mental, emotional, and psychological effects of the drug are the most pronounced legacies of addiction.
If you, or someone you know, have a problem with prescription drug abuse and addiction, please call Drug Treatment Center Sarasota for further information. To get the assistance you need finding treatment centers, call 941-866-2996.