When a person achieves sobriety, he or she is said to be in recovery. Recovery programs are those that help a person continue his or her sobriety while emphasizing that relapse is always possible.
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A large number of recovery programs are created with the 12-step programs in mind. The 12-step concept has been utilized for more than a hundred years to help those struggling with substance abuse overcome their addictions.
The 12 steps are intended to guide a person along his or her pathway to recovery. A person must admit his or her own personal weaknesses, face those that had been wronged and move forward with life, free from drugs or alcohol. Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous are two examples of 12-step programs.
Examples of these steps include:
Addiction treatment therapies often center on different models. These models serve as the basis or structure for treating addiction. Examples of these therapy approaches include cognitive/behavioral, motivational interviewing and motivational incentives.
Cognitive/behavioral therapies are those that focus first on a person's "addictive thinking" and then on how to correct these lines of thinking. The behavioral aspects include responses to temptations to return to drug use and how to deal with cravings for a particular substance.
Motivational interview is another commonly used addiction treatment model. This therapeutic approach involves one-on-one sessions with a counselor where the counselor asks questions designed to help a person find his or her own unique motivations for quitting drug and alcohol abuse. This model is often effective for those who may have been skeptical about seeking treatment or who have been sober and relapsed.
Motivational incentives are a means to provide a person with encouragement inside or outside of a treatment facility. Examples could include a 1-year chip from Alcoholics Anonymous to celebrate a year's sobriety or rewarding a person with a phone call home at a rehabilitation facility for excellent participation in counseling sessions. By focusing on positives, a person can begin to see his or her sobriety for the benefits it can offer.
Many practical applications of substance abuse treatment models exist. These include individual counseling and group meetings, which often incorporate motivational interviewing.
Family therapy often uses principles associated with motivational incentives. A family often wishes to provide support and encouragement for their loved one going through substance abuse recovery.
Another example of cognitive/behavioral approaches blended with motivational interviewing is the SMART recovery program. SMART stands for Self-Management and Recovery Training. The program is built around four principles:
For a person to make the life-changing decision to pursue drug treatment, he or she often wants to ensure the treatments will be effective. Addiction is a complex disease that requires equally complex interventions. Examples of effective treatment program principles include: